Lampranthus maximiliani

Lampranthus maximiliani


Braunsia maximiliani (Beads Lampranthus)

Braunsia maximiliani (Beads Lampranthus) also known as Lampranthus maximiliani, is a beautiful succulent shrublet that blooms early in the year with…

Helianthus maximiliani

Helianthus maximiliani is a prairie sunflower named after Prince Maxmilian of Germany, a naturalist who lead an expedition to the West from 1832 to 1834.

The Maxmillian Sunflower prefers moist, clay-like soil but is tolerant of a wide variety of soils. It is easily grown from seed and taller plants may benefit from staking.

Flowers in the fall in Moore County Susan Strine CC BY 2.0 Habit/ Form Matt Lavin CC BY-SA 4.0 Stem, leaves, and flowers Matt Lavin CC BY-SA 4.0 Flower chipmunk_1 CC BY-SA 4.0 Flower Matt Lavin CC BY-SA 4.0 Matt Lavin CC BY-SA 4.0 Matt Lavin CC BY-SA 4.0 Matt Lavin CC BY-SA 4.0 Matt Lavin CC BY-SA 4.0 Leaves in the fall in Moore County Susan Strine CC BY 2.0 Flower in the fall in Moore County Susan Strine CC BY 2.0 Form in the fall in Moore County Susan Strine CC BY 2.0 Leaves in fall weather in Moore County Susan Strine CC BY 2.0

Lampranthus maximiliani - garden

Accepted Scientific Name: Braunsia maximiliani (Schltr. & A.Berger) Schwantes
Gartenwelt 32: 644 1928

Origin and Habitat: Braunsia maximiliani occours only in the Clanwilliam, Piquetberg, and Vanrhynsdorp Districts, in the Western Cape and Northern Cape, South Africa.
Altitude range: 250 - 1100 metres above sea level.
Habitat and ecology: This species grows in shallow pans on rocks together with moss. Rainfall around 125 mm p.a. in winter.

  • Braunsia maximiliani (Schltr. & A.Berger) Schwantes
    • Echinus maximiliani (Schltr. & A.Berger) N.E.Br.
    • Lampranthus maximiliani (Schltr. & A.Berger) L. Bolus
    • Mesembryanthemum maximiliani Schltr. & A.Berger

Description: Braunsia maximiliani sometimes known as Echinus maximiliani or Lampranthus maximiliani is a compact, creeping, perennial-succulent shrublet. It blooms early in the year with quite large rose coloured flowers.
Stems: Branches trailing and rooting at nodes, to 17 cm long, fertile branches erect, densely 4-leaved.
Leaves: Fused for a third of their length, trigonous, boat-shaped (with prominently convex sides) 6-10 mm long, 1,5-6 mm broad, 6-8 mm thick, grey-green, epidermis papillate and hence velvety to the touch over the entire surface, keel and margins white, cartilagenous.
Flowers: Solitary and terminal, pink, raised above the plant, 20-22 mm in diameter. Pedicels with bracteoles at their middle, petals bright pink, c. 10 mm long, 2 mm wide. Filamentous staminodes pink, filaments apically yellow or reddish, nectary ring crenulate.
*Fruit (capsules): Small, woody 5-locular, top completely flat, base elongate funnel-shaped, covering membranes complete, closing ledge only vaguely indicated, expanding keels extending to the tips of the valves when open.
*Seeds: Brown, testa cells big, raised in the centre like a hump, 0.67 mm long, 0.5 mm broad.
Blooming season: This species flowers in late winter (July—September).
Taxonomic notes: Braunsia maximiliani lacks the typical echinate seeds of genus Braunsia, this observation led L. Bolus (1965) to place this species in the genus Lampranthus, but the morphology of the flowers and leaves are typical for genus Braunsia, and the morphology of the capsules excludes this species from Lampranthus. In contrast to Lampranthus, where the expanding keels always diverge from the base, those of Braunsia are parallel for most of their length and only diverge towards the tips. The capsules of Lampranthus maximiliani were found to be typical of species of Braunsia in all these details. Well developed papillae on the leaf surfaces also support the latest placement of this species in Braunsia.

Bibliography: Major references and further lectures
1) Heidrun E.K. Hartmann “Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Aizoaceae A-E” Springer Science & Business Media, 06 November 2001
2) C. Klak “Taxonomic studies in the Aizoaceae from South Africa: three new species and some new combinations” Bothalia Vol 30, No 1 (2000), 35-42.
3) African Plants Database (version 3.4.0). Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, "Retrieved [8 November 2015]", from .
4) Burgoyne, P.M. 2006. Braunsia maximilianii (Schltr. & A.Berger) Schwantes. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2015.1. Accessed on 2015/11/10
5) Peter Goldblatt “Cape Plants: A Conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa” National Botanical Institute of South Africa, 2000

Lampranthus maximiliani (Braunsia maximiliani) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Lampranthus maximiliani (Braunsia maximiliani) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli

Cultivation and Propagation: Braunsia maximiliani is a moderately slow growing pot subject, quite hardy with interesting leaf shapes. This species is easy to grow and clumps forming a beautiful succulent mat. Needs moderate water when growing in late fall and early spring. Keep somewhat dry the rest of the time. Like all living rocks, they thrive in porous soils with excellent drainage. It can tolerates high heat and some frost (hardy to -5° C or less if dry). It is a very rewarding succulent and can be cultivated in desert garden in warm climates or in greenhouses or windowsills in the home where too hardy. Enjoy bright shade in summer and full sun on the other seasons.
Propagation:: They grow quickly from seed or by division of larger clumps.

Name Status Confi­dence level Source Date supplied
Mesembryanthemum binum L. Bolus Synonym TRO 2012-04-18

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