Gooseberries are often called northern grapes; this name is a fruitful shrub that rightfully deserves not only a similar appearance, but also a wonderful set of nutrients in its composition. In countries with temperate climates, more than a hundred varieties can be counted today. Berries perfectly tolerate transportation, are suitable for all kinds of conservation and preparation of confectionery delights, even medicine has not ignored him: the fruits are effectively used as a diuretic and choleretic agent. One of the most popular varieties of gooseberries bears the intriguing name Malachite.
Description of the gooseberry variety Malachite: all the pros and cons
Like a stone from Bazhov's tales, a gooseberry named Malachite is also not as simple as it seems. Reading reviews about him, you come across both highly praiseworthy and simply devastating.
Malachite is a long-lived variety. He appeared in the All-Russian Research Institute of Horticulture. I. Michurin as a result of crossing Date and Black Negus in 1959. Despite the fact that since then many new varieties have appeared, many to this day decorate their gardens with time-tested shrubs.
Features of Malachite:
- the shrub is medium-sized (reaches about 1.5 m in height), grows widely and has an average thorniness in comparison with other varieties;
- berries of a rounded shape of light light green color with a pronounced waxy bloom. The skin is thin with a lot of veins. The average weight of the fruit is about 5–6 g;
- the berries are sour to taste, but very aromatic;
- the bush bears an early harvest and bears fruit for a long time;
- up to 4 kg of berries can be harvested from one bush;
- the variety is winter-hardy and is not afraid of temperature extremes;
- easily transfers transportation;
- not afraid of powdery mildew;
- technical purpose.
Malachite berries are large and have a rich waxy luster.
Table: main pros and cons
Planting and care: as easy as shelling pears
This shrub grows well throughout the territory of our country, with the exception of only marshy areas.
If you decide to plant a shrub in the spring, then you have to catch the right moment: when the ground has thawed, and the buds on the trees have not yet appeared. This can be difficult to do if the climate is unstable and capricious, so it is better to plant gooseberries in the fall, about a week before the expected frost.
For planting, you need to dig a hole at least 50 cm in diameter and 60 cm deep. It must be borne in mind that the less cultivated the soil, the deeper and wider the hole should be. The soil should be prepared in advance, a week before planting. We mix humus at the rate of 0.5 buckets per bush with ash (100 g), superphosphate (80 g) and potassium sulfide (40 g).
You need to choose a seedling wisely. A developed root and 3-4 flexible and moderately thick branches are what you should pay attention to. A shoot height of 30 cm is considered the norm.
A properly selected seedling is the key to a healthy and bountiful harvest
Remove dry roots and branches from the seedling before planting. After placing it in the hole, compact the earth properly, exclude the formation of unwanted voids in the ground. Then water the young bush liberally.
Remember that gooseberries are very light-requiring, so the distance between the bushes should not be less than 2 m. This is especially important for Malachite, which grows quite widely.
Caring for a gooseberry bush can be divided into several stages:
- Loosening and weeding. Gooseberries require regular loosening. Remember that the root system of the bush is shallow, so you need to loosen the ground carefully. You also need to be careful about weeding both inside the hole and around it.
- Fertilization and watering. Watering should be regular, especially during dry times and during flowering. As for fertilization: with proper care, the bush can bear fruit for decades. Two years after planting, you can start regular fertilization, on average, fertilizing should be carried out twice a year: after spring flowering (80 g of ammonium nitrate per bush) and after the August harvest (10 kg of compost, 40 g of saltpeter, 20 g of potassium chloride and 80 g of superphosphate). If, in the first year of planting, the leaves of the bush are bright light color, then it is recommended to apply liquid nitrogen fertilizer in July (7 g of ammonium nitrate per 0.5 bucket of water).
- Pruning. Malachite grows very quickly, so regular pruning is necessary for it. It should be produced in the spring before the buds swell or already in the fall after leaf fall.
Sometimes gardeners prune the top of the shoots in the summer, which has a beneficial effect on the number and size of berries.
A properly formed bush has 10-15 skeletal branches. It is also recommended to make a support for the shrub, which will raise the branches from the ground.
The first pruning is done immediately after planting.
There are many ways to build props for fruit shrubs with your own hands. As a rule, they are made from wood, plastic or metal structures.
Video: plastic support for the bush
Caring for the gooseberry does not require special knowledge and skills, it is rather unpretentious. However, if you do not take precautions in time, your harvest can be jeopardized. We are talking about pests and diseases that can threaten the shrub.
- the soil in the hole in spring and autumn should be sprinkled with the following composition: 300 g of ash, 1 tbsp. l. mustard, 1 tbsp. pepper, 200 g of tobacco dust (3 tbsp. mixture for each bush);
- before flowering and after harvesting, it is necessary to process the bushes using Karbofos (30 g per 10 liters of water). Spraying must be done twice with an interval of 10 days;
- from pests (sawfly, aphids and gall midges) will be protected by compulsory treatment during the budding period: dilute 75 g of Karbofos and 10 Rovikurt in 10 liters of water. After flowering, treatment with Karbofos in the same proportion is also recommended;
- kidney mites can be driven off by spraying the plant with a solution of colloidal sulfur (40 g per 10 l of water).
Photo gallery: common pests
Well-deserved reward: harvesting
Already two years after planting, Malachite will give it a harvest, and after another two years it will have a period of active fruiting. Berry picking usually takes place at the end of July. The advantages of this variety include the fact that the fruits do not crumble, but adhere perfectly to the branches.
Harvested in rainy weather cannot be stored.
Ripe berries are stored in a cool room for up to 5 days, and unripe berries - 10 days. You can freeze the berries by keeping them in the refrigerator. The shelf life, the possibility of transportation, the hardness of the berries and the tart sour taste - all this makes the Malachite variety perfectly suitable for all kinds of preservation.
Gooseberries are good for a variety of blanks
Believe the experience: gardeners reviews
Malachite may well claim its place under the sun of your site. And let, like a precious stone, fruit bushes delight you and guests with beauty and taste.
Hello dear reader! My name is Maria Filatova. A journalist by education.
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