From a warm climate - to St. Petersburg
The overwhelming majority of lily varieties of the oriental hybrids group are obtained in countries with warm climates: in the USA, New Zealand, Australia. The fact is that due to the long growing season and late flowering periods, the areas of their cultivation in the open field are limited, and a strong susceptibility to viral diseases forces them to provide them with a high agricultural background.
But in the eighties of the last century, a wonderful person, breeder Alexei Ivanovich Vasilenko, began to work with this group of lilies in the North-West region, or rather, near Leningrad. He was a topographer by profession and, thanks to this, surveyed the whole country. He was also in Kamchatka. And wherever he turned out, he found interesting wild-growing species, brought them with him and worked with them. So he knew the agricultural technology of growing lilies firsthand.
These lilies grow well on light, humus-rich soil with a slightly acidic reaction, moreover, covered with some kind of ground cover from overheating of the soil. Therefore, organic matter and lime are applied at least a year before planting. The bulbs are planted in September on the beds, applying 50 g of full fertilizer per m2. Lily bulbs do not have integumentary scales, like, say, daffodils, tulips and other bulbs - they cannot be transplanted.
These lilies have a negative attitude to excess moisture in the soil, so Alexey Ivanovich recommends adding fine gravel or expanded clay under the bulbs, not sand, since lilies die mainly from rotting of the bottom of the bulbs. Since we often have in August, during the flowering of these wonderful lilies, summer is cold and rainy, he advised to install frames with a film over the plantings, but so that under it there was a space of at least 50 cm for airing the plants. Then the lilies will be less damaged by viral diseases.
When planting, he recommends deepening the bulbs a little, then in the summer they will feel better, in the fall there will be a higher temperature, as a result of which the roots grow longer, and the soil at the depth of the roots freezes longer and less.
The breeder also recommends mulching the plantings, and for the first year it is imperative to insulate them additionally with spruce branches or other insulating material. In addition, he advises not to let the plants bloom in the first year by removing the buds. And in subsequent years, alternate this operation by year: cut off some lilies, and remove the buds from others, and then do the opposite. Then the plants will develop better, be less exposed to diseases and pests, they give a good cut.
The first feeding of lilies is carried out at the beginning of the growing season with organic (mullein solution 1:10) or complete fertilization - 40-50 g per 10 l of water. When dry fertilizers are applied, they are embedded in the soil to a depth of 5-7 cm, and then the soil is shed. The next 2-3 feeding is carried out in 2-3 weeks, depending on the weather, namely, on days when it is warm. The composition of the dressings is the same.
The latter - phosphorus-potassium fertilization or ash (100-150 g / m2) is carried out no later than mid-August in order for the plants to better prepare for wintering. It is generally useful to add ash several times during the season. This helps to enlarge the flower, enhances the color intensity, and increases resistance to fungal diseases. In the fall, dried flower shoots with fallen leaves must be removed in the flower garden and burned.
In the future, spruce branches are pounced on the plantings or other measures are taken to delay the snow, since these lilies are more thermophilic than Asian hybrids. Alexei Ivanovich Vasilenko bred such wonderful varieties as: Olympiada-80, Severyanka, Marina, Tamara, Mayak and others. Members of our society "Decorative Floriculture" have a request to those who have these varieties, as well as the varieties of Ippolit Leopoldovich Zalivsky: Lilia Zalivsky, Sestroretskaya, Severnaya Palmira - to share with us, since these varieties are valuable and necessary for further breeding work.
- How to choose a lily for your garden
- Features of growing and breeding lilies
- What types of lilies are suitable for growing in our climate
- Locust or curly lily
Chairman of the Society "Ornamental Horticulture"
Planting in the garden
Compared to other bulbous plants (tulips, daffodils), lily bulbs do not have a strong protective shell. Therefore, they should not be stored unprotected for long periods of time.
There are 2 terms for planting lilies:
- spring (March-May)
- autumn (September-October).
An exception is the white lily, which is recommended to be planted from late August to September. Late flowering varieties are recommended to be planted in April or the first half of May.
Planting scheme and depth
The bulbs are placed in the ground to a depth equal to their volume increased by 3 times.
The bulbs are planted in holes at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other, depending on the size of the plant:
- smaller varieties, planted more densely (e.g. 30 × 35 cm, 40 × 40 cm)
- large plants, for example from the Oriental group of hybrids, are planted much less frequently (for example, 50 × 50 cm) so that they have enough room for development
- the exception is the white lily, which is planted in the second half of summer, the bulbs are placed in the ground rather shallow (about 2.5 cm deep).
Bulbs should be selected very carefully, preferably from a garden store that offers them by the piece - they should not be wrinkled, dry, rotting or moldy.
It is worth preparing flower beds for lilies in 2 weeks so that the soil recovers well. You need to dig up the soil, mix it with compost. It is important that it does not rain on the day of planting - the bulbs must be planted in dry soil.
Carefully place the bulbs in the grooves made, root down and cover with soil to an even level.
There are several points to consider when landing:
- A gravel layer 10 centimeters thick is placed as drainage - placed at the bottom of the pit
- 5-10 cm of soil mixture consisting of sand, garden soil and rotted compost is poured onto the drain in a ratio of 1: 1: 1.
- On heavy and loamy soils, where water stagnation may occur, it is recommended to make elevated flower beds or plant bulbs on mounds.
The bulb remains in the ground for several years and is not removed after flowering. If, after some time, the lilies begin to bloom poorly or stop flowering, they should be transplanted to a new place or completely replaced. When transplanting, the bulbs are dug up in September and immediately transplanted to another location. The transplant is done every 2-3 years.
Lilies can also be planted in pots by choosing low, thermophilic varieties such as oriental. The pot must have a minimum depth of 40 cm, a drainage layer is required. For planting, a universal substrate is used with the addition of sand and, possibly, azofosk fertilizer. You can plant 3-5 bulbs in one pot, which will create a beautiful, multi-floral arrangement.
Lilies are perennial herbaceous, bulbous plants. The shape of the bulbs can be round or ovoid and reach up to 20 cm in diameter. They consist of separate, juicy and open scales that adhere relatively tightly to each other. Lily flowers are single, or collected in pyramidal or umbrella-shaped inflorescences from 2 to 40 pieces. Varietal and decorative hybrid lilies are the most popular in floriculture science. At the moment, there are over 2000 varieties of them and, depending on their origin, they are grouped into eight sections, while the ninth includes species lilies. The lilies were grouped according to the international classification.
Variety "America" Asian hybrid
Variety "Gran Paradiso" Asian hybrid
or The Asiatic Hybrids
Taking care of the lilies from this section is the easiest. Snowless winters with air temperatures down to -40 ° C are not an obstacle for the cultivation of many varieties. Asian hybrids grow better on neutral, slightly acidic and well-fertilized soils, while their existence on soils of calcareous origin is very difficult. More than thirty flowers with a diameter of 10-15 cm can be placed on one plant. Flowers do not contain aroma, reproduction is good, certain varieties form bulbs.
The best varieties:
Lilium america - Burgundy flowers.
Lilium apeldoorn - The flowers are orange, the petals are wide.
Lilium apollo - The flowers are white, the petals are wide.
Lilium black out - The flowers are dark red.
Lilium white pixels - The flowers are white, with maroon specks.
Lilium grand cru - Flowers are deep yellow in color with a reddish-brownish center.
Lilium gran paradiso - Flowers with a diameter of 13-16 cm, bright red ..
Lilium jive - Flowers are yellow, with a red heart.
Lilium dimtnsion- Flowers are maroon, shiny.
Variety "Triumphator" LO-hybrid
or The LongiflorumHybrids (LO-Hybrids)
This section includes the following garden forms: long-flowered lily (L. longiflorum), Formosan lily (L. formosanum), etc. The shape of the flower is elongated and resembles a gramophone, up to 25 cm in size. Flowers are distinguished by a delicate and pleasant smell. Plants can grow well in winter without shelter in the middle lane.
The best varieties:
Lilium deliana - Lemon yellow flowers.
Lilium dolcetto - Flowers pearlescent pink.
Lilium Miyabi - The flowers are bright purple-red.
Lilium prince promise - Flowers are tubular, pink with a white edge.
Lilium triumphator - The flowers are wide, white, with a crimson-pink center.
Lilium white heaven - Flowers are tubular, white.
Lilium snow queen- Flowers are white.
Variety "Indian Diamond" LA-hybrid
Compared to the Asian hybrids, the flowers of LA Hybrids are somewhat larger. Their smell is almost imperceptible and intensifies by the evening time of day. Reproduction is just as good as in Asian hybrids. In winter, they can grow without shelter.
The best varieties:
Lilium ballroom - Salmon flowers
Lilium indian diamond - Flowers are golden yellow.
Lilium narbonne - Flowers burgundy red
Lilium Salnmon Classic - The flowers are yellow.
Lilium samur - Flowers are broad-chained, pale pink, with a silvery tint.
Lilium suncrest - Flowers creamy flowers with many dark specks
Lilium cecil - The flowers are creamy white with maroon dots in the center.
Lilium sylvana - Flowers are large, white.
Lilium tropic diamond - Flowers are large, bright crimson-pink color.
Lilium fangio - The flowers are dark red.
Lilium eyeliner- The flowers are white with the thinnest dark border and dots in the center
Variety "Dizzy" oriental hybrid
Kissproof oriental hybrid
This group of lilies is the most remarkable. Flowers have a pronounced aroma, their diameter can reach up to 25 cm. If the plants of this variety are planted deep enough - 18-23 cm, they will successfully survive the Ukrainian winters. Spring frosts are especially dangerous for oriental hybrids, as well as for some other plants, but they are protected by deep planting in the ground. The first shoots appear at the end of May. Reproduction is less fruitful than in other groups. Flowers stand in cut for about a month.
The best varieties:
Lilium acapulco - The flowers are pink.
Lilium alma ata - Flowers are large, snow-white.
Lilium angelique - The flowers are white, with bright pinkish-crimson stripes and a yellow heart.
Lilium brasilia - The flowers are snow-white with a light pink border and pink specks.
Lilium willeke alberti - The flowers are pink with a contrasting white stripe, wavy along the edge.
Lilium dizzy - Flowers are white with burgundy stripes in the center.
Lilium Deep Impact - The flowers are purple with a thin white border.
Lilium Casa Blanca - Flowers are snow-white large star-shaped.
Lilium key west - The flowers are pink with a white center.
Lilium kissproof - The flowers are deep red, with darker spots and a white border around the edges.
Lilium colonna - Flowers are large, white.
Lilium color parade - The flowers are pale pink mother-of-pearl, with a bright yellow center.
Lilium marco polo - Flowers are large, white with pink edges.
Lilium mona lisa - Flowers are pale pink with a white edge.
Lilium Mondrian - The flowers are pearl pink with a light yellow center and a pink crown.
Lilium montreal - Flowers are white with yellow stripes in the center.
Lilium muscadet - Flowers are white with pink stripes in the center.
Lilium pandora- The flowers are pink, the petals are wavy along the edge.
Sort "Garden Pleasure" OT-hybrid
Variety "Montego Bay" OT-hybrid
OT - Hybrids
This plant species is similar to oriental hybrids, but the smell is less pronounced, and the resistance to chlorosis is higher.
The best varieties:
Lilium albany - Flowers are white with a cherry center.
Lilium altari - Two-color flowers: cream with a wide burgundy stripe.
Lilium baywatch - The upper petals are pink, the lower ones are slightly darker.
Lilium baruta - Lemon yellow flowers.
Lilium bonbini - Flowers are white with a pink crown in the center.
Lilium boogie woogie - Flowers are yellow with orange edging.
Lilium garden pleasure - Flowers are white with a cherry heart.
Lilium purple king - The petals are pink with a bright cherry heart.
Lilium purple prince - Flowers purple in color.
Lilium red dutch - Burgundy flowers with yellow edges.
Lilium red hot - The flowers are red with a thin yellow edging and dark specks.
Lilium rexona - Flowers are white with a yellowing center.
Lilium robina - The flowers are pink with a white center.
Lilium satisfaction - Burgundy flowers
Lilium serano - The flowers are yellow, the petals are wide.
Lilium sonora - Flowers are white with a red center.
LIilium Touching- The flowers are creamy with wide dark red strokes.
Variety "African Queen" tubular lilies
Variety "Regale" tubular lilies
These flowers are the tallest and can grow up to 2 meters. However, these are the most whimsical lilies. The length of the tubular lily is usually about 30 cm, and the diameter is up to 15 cm. It has a delicate aroma.
The best varieties:
Lilium African queen - The flowers are orange.
Lilium golden splendour - Flowers are bright yellow, the reverse side of the petals with a bronze tint.
Lilium pink perfection - The flowers are pink.
Lilium regale - Flowers are white, large.
Lilium Regale Album - Flowers are white, large.
Tips for growing beautiful lilies
Lily is considered to be a symbol of purity and tenderness. The place where the lilies grow has an amazing scent and is very picturesque. And the atmosphere in the garden with lilies is soothing.
There are a variety of ways to grow these wonderful flowers, depending on the type of lily. Choosing the right lily bulb is paramount. The bulbs themselves should be chosen large, healthy and fleshy, the scales should not be overdried. When buying bulbs in early spring, it is best to store them in the lower drawer of the refrigerator, and in the fall, place in a dark place with good ventilation. In order for the planted bulbs to be better preserved in winter, they must be covered with foliage or humus 10-15 cm thick.
Lilies look most advantageous when planted in groups. For this reason, purchasing several types of lily bulbs will be more appropriate.
When planting lily bulbs, the diameter of the hole should be up to 40 cm and the depth should be 20 cm. After placing them in the hole, pour soil and a small amount of granular fertilizer on top. This will be beneficial for the lilies.
It is best to keep the lower part of the lily in the shade, so it is necessary to plant low plants to it.
Watering lilies does not require a lot of water. Although lilies from the class Oriental hybrids or Oriental are quite whimsical, their appearance pleases us with their beauty.
Section 1. Lilies - Asian hybrids
Come from East Asian species and their varieties: L. amabile, bulbiferous (L. bulbiferum), calloused (L. callosum), drooping (L cernuum), monochrome (L. concolor), Pennsylvanian, or Daurian (L. pensylvanicum), David (L. davidii), Lankong (L. lankongense), Leuchtlin (L. leichtlinii), dwarf (L. pumilum), tiger, or lancetolian (L. lancifolium).
This is the most numerous section, uniting about 5 thousand varieties, blooming from early June to early August.They are the most diverse in color of flowers: there are shades of orange, red, pink, yellow, apricot and white, with or without specks, one-color, two-color and pearl, "brushmark" and "tango". The perianth shape can be cupped, tubular, funnel-shaped, bell-shaped, turban-shaped, stellate and flat. There are varieties with double flowers:
Fata Morgana, Aphrodite, EIodie, Sphinx, even double and double-colored at the same time, such as Double Sensation. Sometimes in catalogs or retail trade, a group of tiger lilies is singled out separately.
In fact, there is nothing exclusive in them, the same "Asian". This group includes the garden forms of the lanceolate (tiger) lily itself, the Leuchtlin lily similar to it, not at all similar to the dwarf lily, Henry, beautiful and some of their hybrids. These are tall plants with turban-shaped flowers, often strewn with specks: Pink Giant, White Twinkle.
Asiatic lilies vary greatly in height. Most varieties reach 60-120 cm, but there are giant varieties (up to 150 cm) and dwarf varieties. The latter were created specifically for pot culture. The new groups were named Pixie, Tiny, Petit, which has since been added to the name of the variety, for example, Orange Pixie, Tiny Bee, Petit Brigitte ... All of them are undersized (20-40 cm tall), they look good both in different decorative containers and on an open bed. Many other varieties from section 1 are suitable for growing in containers.
Asian hybrids are quite unpretentious, winter hardiness and intense vegetative reproduction, comparative disease resistance, although varieties with pink flowers are often affected by viruses. White-flowered varieties are less resistant.
Most lilies of the Russian selection form stem bulbs, with the help of which they easily reproduce. This contributes to the widespread distribution of Asian hybrids in gardens. Lilies of western selection are devoid of such a feature.
Plants of this group grow well in open sunny areas or in partial shade. Prefer neutral or slightly acidic soil. Suitable for distillation.
The lack of smell can be considered a relative disadvantage of this variety group, although there are also aromatic varieties.
The assortment of "Asian women" is quite diverse, we even have a choice.
Site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.
This time I would like not to talk about the agricultural technology of growing lilies - enough has already been written about this, but to pay attention to their use in the garden.
Lily is really not a simple culture, some of its varieties can compete in the composition even with the queen of flowers, the rose. Since the lily has encroached on the royal personage, what to say about the "commoners"! But you shouldn't give up this culture altogether.
If we are talking about a combination of roses and lilies, then we will start with just this difficult combination. This duet is not at all trivial, but that's the beauty of it. Head-
Pus - choose the right partners. So, the huge flowers of lilies from the Oriental hybrids group - Cassandra, Dizzy, Sorbonne, Merostar - 100% attract attention. So why plant an equally spectacular rose next to them? In this case, it is better to pay attention to small-flowered varieties.
For a small garden, lilies with small flowers looking either down or to the side are perfect - White Tiger, Lady Alice, Pearl Slacey... These will get along not only with roses - they will be good with astilbe, and geraniums, and with other perennials.
You can also pay attention to Tubular and Orleans hybrids - Golden Splendour, African Queen, Scheherazade... Their elongated flowers do not look pompous at all, very elegant. They are really good in the garden (with roses and not only),
tested on our own experience. So, while looking in the garden for a free place for a bump, I found a piece of land only near a lily Pink Perfection... And then they bloomed - almost at the same time. Almost the same tone of flowers, but a different shape ... Great duet! Lily bent down to her friend, the bone-shedding one, and peeps through his foliage. The combination turned out to be very beautiful. In addition, this couple was chosen by butterflies, which rarely flew to my garden before.
The friendliest, in my opinion, are the lilies from the Martagon section.
This is the martagon lily itself, or, as it is called in another way, curly lily or royal curls, Hansa's lily, graceful lily and two-rowed lily.
Their delicate, touching flowers are not "waxy" at all, but so natural! And the breeders who constantly pamper us with various new products, and the lily martagon did not leave aside. Therefore, in addition to the traditional pink color, we can now admire the orange Orange Marmalade, and white Album, and red Manitoba Morning, and yellow Mrs. R.O. Backhouseas pure color (Yolk, White Nights), and with dots (Guinea Gold), freckles (Lilith) and strokes ("BrookIt is very pleasant, there is plenty to choose from. But there is also a catch: these plants are not sunny places, they prefer light partial shade, it is there that they show everything they are capable of. Therefore, we cannot use the sun.
But in partial shade, among the host and ferns, these lilies will be good.
Martagon hybrids (The Martagon Hybrids) come from lilies - curly or martagon (L. martagon), honey lobe (L. medeoloides), two-row (L. distichum) and tsingtown (L. tsingtaense). All of them are widespread in nature in Siberia and the Far East, with the exception of the marchagon lily, which is also found in the wild in Europe. Martagon hybrids are also hardy and unpretentious, can grow on any soil and tolerate partial shade well. Lily martagon began to be used in breeding only since the 20s of the last century.
Curly lily or martagon (L. martagon)
Interesting information about lilies
Lilies are bulbous plants that bloom in late summer. Some gardeners believe that they are more beautiful than roses, so they should be present in every garden. In the Middle Ages, they were considered a symbol of peace, in art - a symbol of purity. Lily has always been associated with greatness and was often grown in royal gardens. At the turn of the century, many varieties were obtained by breeding and crossing with pure species.
At present, even tetraploid varieties have been formed. Individual types, varieties differ in height, color, form of propagation, color, size, smell of flowers. Flowers bloom in late summer, which is why they are considered the queens of the season. Among the lilies there are different types, species, varieties, from which it is worth creating your own, delightful collection.